Behavior of Winners – Learn from Confucius

Successful people behave differently from the common people. Winners act differently from the losers. Here is some guidelines from Confucius about how wise gentleman shall behave. Does the list give you some new pointers to improve your behavior?
Confucius said, “Wise Gentleman has nine considerations: 孔子曰:「君子有九思:

  1. 視思明,See with clarity.
    Enterpreneurs have special keen eyes to spot the opportunites for new business whereever and whenever they make visits. They notice the difficulties that workers have in doing their jobs. The makeshifts temporary solutions to make the job easier. The environment noices and cleanliness where the job was performed. The frequent stoppages and interruptions. For many people, they could not even notice the new hairdo or new dress that their spouses have put on!
  2. 聽思聰,Listen with understanding.
    Listening is not just about paying attention to what is said. It is also about hearing what are not said and the real meaning for the speech. If there be any lack of understanding, it will be good to ask to clarify if possible.
  3. 色思溫,Facial Expression is to be gentle and welcoming.
    It is easy to be rude to people. Just give them some faces or looks. A smile is very attractive.
  4. 貌思恭,Manners must be respectful.
    Giving respect begats respect. If you show respects to others, others are more willing to teach and guide you.
  5. 言思忠,Speech with integrity/honesty.
    Praising others are good but it should be done with sincerity and truthfully. Otherwise, the praises without sincerity actually become insults. It is easy for people to tell. Even though we are encouraged to tell the truth and be honest, we must know how to cover the truth with grace. Truth could be cutting and hence when we speak it, it has not be done in love.
  6. 事思敬,Work with excellence(respect for the work)
    There is the saying that any task worth doing is worth doing it well. The pursue of excellence is the foundation for all great work.
  7. 疑思問,Ask when in doubts (don’t blur through it)
    If there by any doubt or lack of clarity in our thought, then we should ask questions to get the right answers. Not asking because of loss of face or mere laziness show our lack of learning and improvement.
  8. 忿思難,When angry, consider the potential bad consequences before blowing up.
    It is easy to let it out and let the other have it when we are angry. It takes great self control to hold our our outburst and use it as a starting point to find out. Emotion acts as your emotional “sensors”. They are to be indicators of reality, not fabricators or framers of reality. … Ravi Zacharias.
  9. 見得思義。When seeing profits, consider getting them righteously」
    When offered an opportunity, it is easy for us to jump at it and take advantages of. But we must consider the rightfulness of doing it first. Profits from short-cuts, cheating, beating the laws are but temporary. The consequences on self and related others could be worse in the longer term. The best way to make money is to make them righteously. It will be long term and you can sleep peacefully.
If there be one word that unit the nine considerations, it is about taking interests to know more about whatever you may find yourself in. Having the interest to know more about things and people will enrich not just your knowledge but also the people relationships. You interests in others triggered corrsesponding interests in you by the others.
Hope you pick up some pointers for improving yourself.
and for more Chinese Wisdom see Ancient Chinese Wisdom
Lim Liat (c) 10 Apr 14

The Essence of Sinology or Chinese Mindset – The Values & Methods for 21st Century

The Essence of Sinology, or the Chinese Mindset of Values and the Methods to achieve those values are shown in a mind-map below.  The 6 values and methods are righteousness of created order, harmony of diversities, dynamic balance of plurality, from love to reasons to laws, principles centered flexibility and transforming resolution of conflicts.  Such values and methods are the keys for peace and abundance for present and future world of diversities. 

The most challenging issue facing today is the diversities of demographics and cultures being brought together in close contact. The behavior of one will greatly impact the others in this connected world. This impact is further intensified by speed of information exchanges through social network. Many keywords become popular recently such as inclusivity,  tolerance, balance, diversity and acronym like VUCAD (Volatility, Uncertainty, Complex, Ambiguous, Deception).

I believe that the Sinology, Chinese Classical Philosophies, provide the answers for the today world to achieve peace and meaningful abundance.  It is of course important to note that the present day Chinese,  whether in the main land, Taiwan or in overseas, do not fully possess such classical values. Many Chinese, especially those overseas, have been educated with and in the Western schools, universities and corporations. So, they may have some but not many of the proposed values and methods. Nevertheless, some of such values do filter through the traditions and festival celebration practices. What are being proposed are therefore my version of the Classical Chinese Philosophies ideals and are shared for your consideration.

The Sinology Mindset of Values and Methods:

Sinology Mindset

Integrated View of the Wisdom of Chinese Classics – Future of Management Now

In my past post The Future Of Management is Ancient Chinese Classics
I argued that the practices of the future of management discussed in management books and blogs are in fact something very old. They are found in the Ancient Chinese Classics.

Here is a integrated view of the Wisdom of Ancient Chinese Classics. I don’t use the term Classical Chinese Wisdom as there are many Ancient Chinese Schools of thoughts. This integrated view is to show the key similarities and differences among the Ancient Schools.

1 I-Ching
The foundation of Chinese wisdom is from I-Ching. It tells us that there are unchanging principles revealed by the Creator in the ways the Heaven and the Earth work. The virtues are captured in the 64 Hexagrams. The main virtues are creation and the ‘love and care’ for the created. Man can live well by following and applying the right principles for the right situations and living in harmony with ‘Heaven and Earth’ and with one another. The wisdom is “READ and understand the SITUATION and then apply the RIGHT PRINCIPLES to change the situation for good or preventing the good to decay to bad”.

2. The Dao School
The DAO school of Lao Zi recognizes the WAY of operation of the heaven. His main teaching is ‘to follow the WAY and not to work against it‘. Following the WAY will be effortlessly easy, productive and self-sustaining. One of the virtue is LOVE, the soft rather than hard, the pull rather than push, the forgiving rather than punishment. Lao Zi warns that the setting of rules to compensate for the lack of love will not be effective. It can result in legalism where the rules become the goals and be more important than the people.

3. The Ru School
The Ru School of Confucius teaches Love (Ren 仁), and love to be expressed with the right protocol of behavior called Li 礼.  Love begins with loving our own, those closest to us before extending outwards. Confucius believes in education. 仁义礼智信勇 Love, Righteousness, Rules of Conduct, Wisdom, Trust and Boldness are the virtues promoted by the Ru School. The key difference between the love of Ru and love of Mo (see below) is that Ru prioritize love according to the closeness of relationships where as Mo stresses on equality. For Ru, one shall love his parents and siblings more than relatives, friends, and then acquaintances and strangers.

4. The Mo School
Mo Zi believes in equality of mankind. Love extending to everyone. It stresses on fairness and treating everyone equally.

5. The Fa School
This school stresses on establishing strict Laws and Orders by incentives and severe punishments. It is about forcing the right behavior out of people by fear.

Besides the 4 main schools, there are others popular ones like the Strategies and Warfare School of Sun Zi and others, the Logic School, the Mathematics, the Yin-Yang, and many others. See Ancient Chinese Wisdom.

The Differences
The differences among the schools can best be seen in answering the question:

What if People do not behave well?

  1. I-ching school tells us to study the problem first and then apply the right principles.
  2. Dao tells the leaders to set and lead by examples.
  3. Ru tells us to educate and teach the people the proper conduct
  4. Mo tells us everyone must be treated the same way. There should be no favoritism; i.e. the rich and powerful should not be above the low and poor.
  5. Fa tells us to punish the violators severely so that they can learn the lessons and dare not try to be funny again.

Here is the mind map that summarizes:

Application to Management:

How can the learning here be applied to management and leadership?
The highest of form of leadership and management is self-management where the people work out from and for themselves. You can find the answers from the above.

Comparing with the Bible.
Does not the Bible teaches similar things – servant leadership, Kingdom Principles and Virtues?
What will be Biblical answers to ‘People not behaving well?’
Please share your wisdom with me by posting your comments here.

Lim Liat copyrighted 9 June 2011

Learning about Learning from Ancient Chinese

Learning begins with reading one article at a time. But after a few related articles, we need to integrate them together to get a better picture of the subject about which we are learning.

The following four postings in Ancient Chinese Classics contain materials about learning:

  1. Understanding The Great Learning DaXue in One Minute
  2. Understanding The Doctrine of the Mean in One Minute
  3. Learning Innovation from Confucius – The Series
  4. I-Ching Hexagram #20观 Observation (need registration)

1. Learning in about Development of the Total Man

The Doctrine of Great Learning (DaXue) started with 3 objectives of learning:

  1. Promote the Way of Righteousness and Virtue
  2. Transform People into New Man
  3. Stop at Utmost Goodness

The 8 steps of Great Learning begins with Study of Things, to Self-Development, Family, Country and Peace for the whole World.

2. Virtues without Learning is Harmful
Here is the integrated mind-map about learning from the Chinese Classics with the virtues topic expanded:

3. Attitudes of Learning:
The most important word is FUN. Learning itself is fun and joy. It is not difficult. It will enable the other attitudes of tired-less learning, humility in learning, mastering the subject, self-renewal and so forth as depicted in the mind-map below. Learning is the way out of poverty and breaking free from entrapment.

4. Objectives of Learning:

5. Methods of Learning:

6. Learning in Groups:

Don’t just read one article a time. Create a mind-map, a giant one perhaps, and integrated the concepts learn. Each new article adds to the existing knowledge that you have. There is much effort needed to integrate the new learning into your existing knowledge map. But that is how true learning take place – by refining or integrating to form new knowledge.

Lim Liat copyrighted May 2011